I recently performed Omar Daniel’s work Three Chambers for clarinet and piano in my third DMA recital. This is an exciting and challenging work with a program that makes contemporary music accessible to all audiences. Each movement is based on a scene or sentiment evoked in an Italian horror film. As well, accompanying each movement are wonderful descriptive titles: “Tarantella”, “A Raven in the Opera House”, and “Out of the Ashes Rises and Angel”.
“Tarantella” uses the movie Demons as inspiration. In an interview posted on the Canadian Music Centre website, Daniel explains that this movement captures the mood of the film. In the film, fantasy becomes reality for teenagers watching a horror movie when they are attacked by zombies. The music reflects this chaos being loud, wild, and rhythmically driven. “Tarantella” immediately catches the audiences attention with the piano playing two loud chords answered by altissimo glissandi in the clarinet. The opening section sets the scene, like a narrator introducing characters in a story. Tremolos interrupted by wild accelerating runs are accented by loud chord clusters in the piano. Slow practice and drilling these passages was necessary to ensure they became automatic. Most of the trills were comfortable, but there were a few from A sharp 5 and C sharp 6 that required trick fingerings. I used the side key A sharp, trilled to overblown F sharp. The return to the introductory fast passages lies much more comfortably than at the beginning. However, the trills are more awkward, such as A sharp 4, to C sharp 5. I used regular fingerings for this tremolo, but begun the trill slow eventually getting faster. This solution created the effect of a smooth even trill, while accommodating the technical challenges of playing over the break. To organize the accelerating irregular passages, I grouped them into sections of two, three, and four sixteenth notes. I made certain to communicate these groupings to my pianist to aid following my part. No time signature is indicated, which makes placement of the piano interjections challenging, but also contributes to the free narrative/dialogue-like quality. Ultimately, in performance I did not directly pay attention to the piano line, but took the lead and allowed my pianist to add the interjections into my part.
An extensive virtuosic piano solo follows giving way to the dance-like middle section where the true essence of the Tarantella dance is shown. The clarinet plays a continuous lilting rhythm while the piano accents big beats one and two in 12/16. A number of transformations of this dance section occur, each becoming more virtuosic for the clarinet. I felt it was necessary to feel this section in two rather than four. If I counted in four, I would get lost and the section became beat heavy and slow. Maintaining energy and momentum is the biggest ensemble concern in this section, especially as it becomes increasingly more technical. “Tarantella” is relentless in dynamic, energy, technique, and momentum. It is not until the end of the movement that calm is achieved, but even this calm is kept frantic with continuous sixteenth notes circling in the bass of the piano.
The second movement “A Raven in the Opera House” is for solo clarinet, and dramatically contrasts the chaos, loud, and violent nature of “Tarantella”. Daniel explains that this movement draws inspiration from the film The Opera. In this film there is a scene where the action is filmed from the perspective of a raven, which swoops and dives in the opera house. The clarinet takes on the role of the raven in this movement. The paring of the niente effect with continuous oscillations between the notes B and D create the effect of the ravens wings echoing throughout the opera house. As the piece progresses the oscillating notes always return to D, in alternation with notes progressing downward in the chalumeau register to E, contributing to the imagery of the raven diving and ascending.
Alternations between D and B are not indicated with slurs in the score suggesting a tongued articulation. To tongue this movement would create an effect contrary to the smooth and fluttering quality of bird flight. I concluded that a slurred articulation, with the use of an aggressive finger action to articulate each note, was the best option. Michael Rusinek, the clarinetist this piece was composed for, also slurs this section on the recording posted on the CMC website. Additionally, to produce a seamless long musical line I decided to circular breathe in the opening section. There are fermatas throughout where a breath can be taken, however I discovered that breathing after the fermatas disrupted the phrase.
The middle section of this work is composed on two staves. The top line is indicated to be improvisatory, while the bottom is a return to the oscillations of the first section. I ensured a quick transition between the two staffs and a tone change to show two separate characters. “A Raven in the Opera House” is my favourite movement in Three Chambers. It is haunting and captivating, employing simple musical ideas in effective ways. This movement draws the audience in through the masterful crafting of sound to create vivid imagery.
Omar Daniel states that the final movement, “Out of the Ashes Rises an Angel”, draws inspiration from the film The Sect. In this movie a woman is chosen to carry the spawn of Satan, similar to the Roman Polanski horror, Rosemary’s Baby. The scene in The Sect which inspires this final movement is where the main character is in a car crash, but escapes from the the wreckage unharmed. The music in “Out of the Ashes Rises an Angel” depicts this with a long meandering piano solo to start. This piano solo is like a camera panning to survey the car wreckage. When the clarinet enters a slow mournful through-composed melody is accompanied by a slow pulsing ostinato in the piano. The melody rises in pitch and tension throughout until the end.
My biggest challenges were counting and stamina in this movement. When the clarinet enters the time signature is 3/4, however the piano is playing triplets with ties. It took me an embarrassing amount of time to realize that if I counted in 9/8 I was able to follow the piano rhythm more accurately. Upon counting in 9/8, rather than 3/4, everything rhythmically fell into place. The final movement of Omar Daniel’s Dream’s of the Panther also uses a similar method of poly meter which can be confusing for the performer, but is effective in creating a sense of anxiety and forward motion in the music. Three Chambers is not an easy work to perform. At times the first movement is physically violent for the clarinet player, the second movement requires intense control, and the final a finesse of tone in the altissimo register. By the end of this work my face was very tired. I was grateful to hear in Rusinek’s recording that he transposed the final altissimo passage down an octave to the clarion. I completely understand why he chose to do this, and I did the same. The risk of squeaking at the very end was too great. Daniel states that the movements of Three Chambers can be performed individually. Performing “Out of the Ashes Rises an Angel” on its own would allow for a comfortable and less fatigued performance of the altissimo register at the end.
Three Chambers is a challenging work to perform, but absolutely worth the time and effort. What I enjoy most about this work is its use of contemporary idioms that are accessible to all audiences through the use of Italian horror genre of film as an entry point. No one expects a piece of music about a zombie invasion to be lyrical or sound like Mozart. I have only performed this work once and look forward to more performances in in the future. There are a great deal demands required of the clarinetist in Three Chambers, but I feel like I’m a better clarinetist having conquered them.
Click here to listen to a full recording I did of Three Chambers.